心理学进展

Vol.3 No.6 (November 2013)

任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响
The Effects of Task Experience on Strategy Shifts in the Allocation of Study Time

 

作者:

彭 丽 , 李伟健 , 谢瑞波 , 曹 玮 :浙江师范大学心理研究所,金华

陈海德 :北京师范大学发展心理研究所,北京

 

关键词:

任务经验学习时间分配策略转移议程权衡Task Experience Study-Time Allocation Strategy Shift Agenda Trade-Off

 

摘要:

本研究采Dunlosky范式,以80名大学生为被试,选择困难5分和容易1分两类项目,通过4个试次的学习测试过程,探讨权衡情境下任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响。结果发现,在有提示和无提示条件下,随着任务经验的增加,被试均更多地重学高测试项目,困难5分组实现策略转移的比例分别为58%39%,容易1分组实现策略转移的比例分别是20%18%。结果表明:学习时间分配的权衡决策随着任务经验的增加而变化;然而,大部分被试未能实现策略转移。In this study, we adopted the Dunlosky’s paradigm, took 81 college students as the participants and chose two kinds of item (5-point difficult and 1-point easy item) through four study-test trials to explore the effects of task experience on strategy shifts in the allocation of study time under the trade-off situation. The results found that with the increase of task experience, participants selected more high test item to restudy in 2 experiments, the proportions of the strategy shift in 5-point difficult groups were 58% and 39%, the proportions of the strategy shift in 1-point easy groups were 20% and 18%. Those results indicated that the trade-off decision of study-time allocation changed with the increase of task experience, while most of participants failed to complete the strategy shift.

文章引用:

彭 丽 , 李伟健 , 陈海德 , 谢瑞波 , 曹 玮 (2013) 任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响。 心理学进展, 3, 292-297. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.36044

 

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