可持续发展

Vol.3 No.3 (July 2013)

从中碳强度指数看上海碳减排的足迹
Shanghai Carbon Emission Reduction Footprint, by SINO Carbon Intensity Index

 

作者:

黄明蔚 , 郭建科 :上海太比雅环保有限公司

 

关键词:

上海中碳强度指数碳排放强度碳减排 Shanghai SINO Carbon Intensity Index Carbon Emission Intensity Carbon Emission Reduction

 

摘要:

中碳强度指数是为全国节能减排行业提供一个以单位GDP二氧化碳排放量为载体的指数系统,可有效反应时间序列上地区碳排放强度的变化。本文从产业结构、能源强度、能源结构、政策及经济环境等几个方面,探讨了20052011年上海市碳排放强度的影响因素,并在此基础上提出了促进上海碳减排活动的建议。分析结果表明,上海市的节能目标和低碳政策,对能源结构调整、产业结构优化和能源强度下降都起到了推动作用,进而促成了近几年来上海市碳排放强度和上海市碳强度指数(Xsh,y)的持续下降。而经济危机、4万亿元刺激经济方案、以及2010年上海世博会等重大经济事件和活动,也作为独立的外部因素对Xsh,y起到了重要影响。

SINO Carbon Intensity Index is an index system which is expressed as the carbon dioxide emis- sion per GDP and is designed to promote emission reduction. The index can effectively reflect the changes on carbon emission intensity in different administrative regions in time series. This paper discusses the influenc- ing factors of carbon emission intensity of Shanghai from 2005 to 2011, based on industrial structure, energy intensity, energy structure and policy & economic environment. It outlines activities accordingly to advance emission reductions in Shanghai. The result shows that the energy-saving target and low-carbon policy of Shanghai promoted the adjustment of energy structure, the optimization of industrial structure and the de- creasing of energy intensity; and then pushed forward the declining of carbon emission intensity of Shanghai and Xsh,y in recent years. While the economic crisis, “4 Trillion Yuan Economic Stimulus Plan”, Expo 2010 ShanghaiChinaand other major economic events and activities were the independent external factors which influenced the Xsh,y obviously.

文章引用:

黄明蔚 , 郭建科 (2013) 从中碳强度指数看上海碳减排的足迹。 可持续发展, 3, 69-76. doi: 10.12677/SD.2013.33012

 

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