现代物理

Vol.3 No.2 (May 2013)

金属热电统一理论研究
Research on the Uniform Theories of Calorifics and Electrics of Metals

 

作者:

余子山 :徐州市农委,徐州

 

关键词:

电热效应温度场(温度梯度)热传导热阻热流Electrothermal Effects Temperature Field (Temperature Gradient) Heat Transfer Thermal Resistance Thermal Flow

 

摘要:

现有物理学中,热、电理论的概念相似但内涵不同,公式形式相同但物理规律迥异,热、电理论不统一。本文认为,在电压或温差不同条件下,金属中电子移位运动尽管形式不同,但遵循相同的物理规律,热、电规律本质上具有统一性。在此观念基础上,定义“热子”、温度场强度等新概念,重新定义“热阻”、“热流”等概念的物理内涵,重新研究金属的热学规律,揭示出热、电规律的统一性。本文的创新认识,对创建热、电统一理论具有先导作用,并奠定基础。

In the present physics theories, the connotations of concepts (or laws of formulas) of calorifics differ from those of electrics remarkably, though these concepts (or formulas) are similar. The present theories of calorifics and electrics are disunion. In this paper, it considers that position shift of value electrons of metals fellows the same law under the condition of electric different and temperature different, and the theories of calorifics and the theories of elec-trics are uniform essentially. Based on the thought, it re-studies calorifics laws of metals, defining the new concepts of “Thermo-Particle” named “Rezi” and Temperature Field Intensity, re-defining Thermal Resistance and Heat Flow etc., and reveals the uniform-nesses of the theories of calorifics and the theories of electrics. The fresh cognition serves as the beginning of setting up the uniform of metal calorifics and electrics theories and lies the foundation.

文章引用:

余子山 (2013) 金属热电统一理论研究。 现代物理, 3, 73-77. doi: 10.12677/MP.2013.32014

 

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