心理学进展

Vol.1 No.2 (July 2011)

农村育龄人群艾滋病性风险行为的心理认知机制
The Cognitive Psychological Mechanism of HIV Sexual Risk Behavior of Child-bearing Age People in Rural China

 

作者:

刘慧君 :西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院

 

关键词:

艾滋病性风险行为心理认知计划行为理论信息-动机-行为技能模型<br>HIV sexual risk behavior cognitive psychology the theory of planned behavior information –motivation-behavior skill model

 

摘要:

利用计划行为理论和信息-动机-行为技能模型,对农村育龄人群性风险行为产生的心理机制进行研究,并比较了模型的跨文化效度。结果发现,⑴两个模型都能很好地拟合数据,且更好地揭示了女性HIV性风险行为产生的心理机制,但前者能解释更大比例的方差变异;⑵主观规范和预防知识是决定艾滋病性风险行为选择的关键因素,其影响机制不存在性别差异;⑶预防技能、预防态度和感知风险的解释力较弱,且影响机制存在显著性别差异。

Using the theory of planned behavior and information –motivation-behavior skill model, this paper explored the cognitive psychological mechanism of HIV Sexual risk behavior and compared the cross-cultural validity of two models. The result indicates that: ⑴both model have good data fitness, especially explained women’s sexual risk behavior perfectly. However the first model can explains a larger proportion of variance. ⑵subjective norm and HIV preventive knowledge are key decision-making factors of HIV sexual risk behavior; whose influencing mechanisms are consistent between men and women; ⑶there are weak explaining power for preventive skill, preventive attitudes and perceived risk, whose influencing mechanisms are significantly different between men and women.

文章引用:

刘慧君 (2011) 农村育龄人群艾滋病性风险行为的心理认知机制。 心理学进展, 1, 71-76. doi: 10.12677/ap.2011.12011

 

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